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Black Lives Matter
- Black Lives Matter (BLM) is a decentralized political and social movement advocating for non-violent civil disobedience in protest against incidents of police brutality and all racially motivated violence against black people.
- In July 2013, the movement began with the use of the hashtag #BlackLivesMatter on social media after the acquittal of George Zimmerman in the shooting death of African-American teen Trayvon Martin 17 months earlier, in February 2012.
- The movement became nationally recognized for street demonstrations following the 2014 deaths of two African Americans: Michael Brown—resulting in protests and unrest in Ferguson, Missouri, a city near St. Louis—and Eric Garner in New York City.
Bolivia’s Constitutional crisis
- The Latin American country of Bolivia is going through a period of political and social instability after the former socialist government led by indigenous Evo Morales was withdrawn from power in November 2019, through what many have considered to be a coup.
- The country will go into a re-vote on October 18th 2020 where Bolivians will be choosing a president, vice-president and 166 members of Congress.
- If on 18 October no candidate succeeds in obtaining more than 50% of the votes or 40% with a 10-point lead over the nearest challenger, a run-off between the top two contenders will be held on 29 November.
- Extinction Rebellion is a decentralised, international and politically non-partisan movement using non-violent direct action and civil disobedience to persuade governments to act justly on the Climate and Ecological Emergency.
- Started in 2018, it is a global movement that uses non-violent civil disobedience in an attempt to halt mass extinction and minimise the risk of social collapse.
- Its three main demands are that governments should tell the truth about climate change, act now, and be led by citizens to get ecological justice.
European-Mediterranean Refugee Crisis
- The European migrant crisis, also known as the refugee crisis, is characterised by high numbers of people arriving in the European Union overseas from across the Mediterranean Sea or overland through Southeast Europe.
- It is part of a pattern of increased immigration to Europe from other continents which began in the mid-20th century. In March 2019, the European Commission declared the migrant crisis to be at an end.
- However, the issue hasn’t been resolved, as seen through recent events in Italy and Greece.
- Brexit is the term used for the withdrawal of the United Kingdom (UK) from the European Union (EU).
- Following a UK-wide referendum in June 2016, in which 52% voted in favour of leaving the EU and 48% voted to remain a member, the UK Government, which was then led by Theresa May formally notified the EU of the country's intention to withdraw on 29 March 2017, beginning the Brexit process.
- In December 2020, the EU and the UK finally signed a trade deal, though many segments are yet to be decide upon.